Ten years ago, on the island of Sipadan in Malaysia, I took a picture of my first shark. It was almost certainly a shark-Zebra, Stegostoma fasciatum. The current was carrying us along sheer walls, and she, mysterious and beautiful, gleamed in the distance. My heart jumped to somewhere in the Adam’s Apple, I quickly raised the camera and took this blurry picture.
The shark disappeared into the depths, and I got a new hobby — a passion for cartilaginous fish. Have devoted a considerably long time, wrote some articles , even led a couple of sections in Wikipedia. Traveled to different corners of the planet to dive with them.
Of all the sharks I liked Fox, or as she is known in English, thresher. She is like a shark-Zebra with long tail and harmless disposition. Graceful, smooth and swift. Without the aura of celebrity, without the reputation of a ruthless killer. So to speak, a humble toiler of the ocean depths.
Thresher shark (Alopias vulpinus, Thresher shark). Illustration from the book “A field guid to the sharks of the world” Continue reading
In honor of the coming of the pores of the holidays we offer to your attention a selection of interesting facts about the Black sea.
The first mention of the Black sea are found in documents relating to the V century BC. It is on the Black sea, Jason and the Argonauts went to Colchis for the Golden fleece.
1. The ancient Greek name of the sea — Pont Aksinsky (gr. Ἄξενος Πόντος), meaning “Inhospitable sea”. It is assumed that the sea was named so because of difficulties with navigation. Later, after a successful exploration of the coast by Greek colonists, the sea became known as the Pontus Euxinus (gr. Εὔξενος Πόντος, “Hospitable sea”). Romanian Black sea Marea Neagră is called.
2. A characteristic feature of the Black sea is complete (except some bacteria) absence of life at depths greater than 150-200 m. the fact that the deep layers of the Black sea is saturated with hydrogen sulphide.
3. In the scheme of currents of the Black sea there are two huge closed cycle with a wavelength of 350-400 km In honor of oceanographer Nikolai Knipovich, who first described this scheme, it was called the “Glasses of the Knipovich” Continue reading
The ocean abounds with excellent swimmers who, in the words of the famous German nineteenth-century biologist Ernest Haeckel, “free to find their own way”. They can resist the strong current of water and to choose their own way, different from the animals of the plankton. The combination of these actively swimming animals E. Haeckel called the nekton, which means “floating”. Technically, the nekton are aquatic snakes, birds, and animals, but here we will talk only about the two groups of nektonic organisms — the fish and cephalopod molluscs.
Important nektonic animals adaptations to life in the water column of the ocean, according to Professor Yuri Aleev are maintaining the body in a suspended state, creating a driving force, reducing the resistance of the counter flow of water, control the movement of the body, as well as in the ability to disguise and protection. Continue reading